How can I discourage rats and mice?
You can discourage rats and mice by making the environment unfavourable to them. Eliminate sources of food and shelter.
You can reduce food sources by:
- Cleaning pet and poultry food dishes and storing foods in tightly closed rat proof containers.
- Not leaving pet food out for longer than 20 minutes.
- Keeping chicken coops and bird aviaries clean. Only allow enough food for each day.
- Not feeding wildlife.
- Placing rubbish and food scraps in rat proof bins.
- Covering compost heaps with garden lime or having compost in rat proof compost bins Keep compost free of meat products.
- Removing ripened or fallen fruit and seed from trees, palms and the ground.
- Keeping waste storage areas clean and any food spills cleaned up immediately.
You can reduce shelter by:
- Clearing the property and any sheds of disused materials such as timber or building materials.
- Keeping grass and vegetation cut short.
- Blocking potential entry points to your buildings such as holes in wall lining
- Fitting a cover, grate or plug securely in a covered pipe or drain
- Checking retaining and rock walls are not harbouring rats
- Stacking materials off the ground (recommended 300mm minimum).
- Trimming trees away from rooflines to limit rat access
Ideally when discouraging rats and mice, you should seek the cooperation of your neighbours whose properties may also support rats.